The major concern of this research is on the persistently worsening and deteriorating performance of the Sudanese civil service. The worsening situation of civil service can be obviously seen in the prevalence of frustration, job dissatisfaction and poor morale, which result in poor performance and undesirable forms of organizational behavior like absenteeism, tardiness, slackness, evasion, malinger, negligence, apathy, frequent and outstanding violations of rules and regulations, bribery, embezzlement, extortion, political intervention and politicization, jobbery and abuse of authority, nepotism, favoritism, unfair recruitment and selection, unfair placement, inadequate and inequitable training, biased transfer, unjust promotions and unfair disciplinary actions
The significance of this study stems from the crucial role of civil service in implementing the public policies of the state, a soundly built civil service that performs competently, effectively and efficiently indicates an advanced civilized state, where as corrupt, flabby and undisciplined civil service – on the contrary – is a characteristic of backward less developed countries.
The objectives of this research are:
(1) To study the various aspects of corruption that include all the dishonest and undesirable forms of behavior and the improper ethical attitudes towards these unpleasant deeds.
(2) To discuss the major factors behind corruption and the impact of corruption.
(3) To arrive – through data analysis and hypotheses testing – at the research results, findings and conclusions and, hence to introduce – in the light of these results and findings – the recommendations that may help alleviating the problem of corruption.
The hypotheses of this research are:
(1) Due to politicization and political intervention, the merit system in the Sudanese civil service is badly affected with; selection and appointment are built on favoritism and non-merit criteria rather than merit and fair competition between candidates.
(2) Real incomes of civil servants are increasingly being deteriorated vis-à-vis the continuously rising costs of living.
(3) The aspects of corruption including forgery, embezzlement, bribery, jobbery, abuse of power and undesirable forms of organizational behavior are very common in public service, due to inadequate pay and poor conditions of service.
(4) Due to politicization of the civil service, civil servants have poor morale and poorer loyalty to their jobs and, hence, they tend to lack their respect of law and ethics of public service and have passive, negative, indifferent or defeatist attitudes towards corruption and corrupt colleagues.
(5) There is a significant relation between civil servants\\\\\\\' dissatisfaction, improper attitudes towards corrupt practices and corruptibility.
The research adopts a statistical methodology that depends on the analytical tools such as percentages, relative frequencies, coefficients of association, coefficients of contingency and chi-square tests.
The primary data of the study is collected by means of a questionnaire that covered a random sample of the study population, i.e. civil servants. Out of (1320) civil servants from (18) governmental units who received the questionnaire, (1015) ones, who constitute (76.6 %) of the research sample, have given a full response.
The secondary data is derived from different sources of governmental official documents that include reports, statistics and tables from the units concerned like the Federal Public Service Recruitment Board, the Khartoum State – Public Service Recruitment Board, the Federal Chamber of Justice, the Public Corrections and Grievance Board, the Attorney of Public Property, the Directorate General for Prohibited and Suspicious Enrichment Combat and the Auditor General Chamber in addition to dictionaries, encyclopedias, books, journals, unpublished theses, newspapers and web sites.
The introduction of this research includes the statement of the research problem, the importance of the research topic, the objectives of the study, the adopted research methodology, the hypotheses of the study and the format of the study.
Chapter One is a literature review that studies the theoretical framework of recruitment and selection, appointment, placement, transfer, training, compensation, performance appraisal, promotion, transfer, disciplinary policies, redundancy and termination of service, then tries to study the concept of the term corruption.
Chapter Two tries to study the influential factors behind corruption that include political, economic, legal, administrative, psychological and social factors, it also tries to survey the types of corruption in Sudanese civil service and the aspects of violations and corruption in personnel practices, then it discusses the various forms of corruption that includes bribery, embezzlement, forgery, blackmail and other crimes against public property.
Chapter Three studies the impact of corruption on individuals, institutions and the overall economy.
Chapter Four is devoted to data analysis and hypotheses testing, it includes the statistical tables derived from the questionnaire
Chapter Five presents the findings and conclusions of the study and tries – in the light of these findings – to introduce some suggestions and recommendations that may help any potential reformatory attempts in the future.